The American National Standards Institute (ANSI), founded in 1918, coordinates the development of voluntary safety standards in the fall protection industry. Representing more than 3.5 million professionals ANSI is comprised of government agencies, organizations, academic and international bodies, and individuals. ANSI Fall Protection regulations are not law, but do provide guidelines that are frequently so practical and essential that they are adopted by OSHA and enforced legally.
ANSI Fall Protection consensus standard was originally published in 1992, and was aimed at providing safety requirements for personal fall arrest systems, subsystems and components. One of the most important issues they have brought to the forefront is the elimination of hazards in the fall protection products themselves. And each time ANSI undergoes a revision, they hold the manufacturers of fall protection products to a higher standard. For example, a connector gate face that was previously compliant at 220 lbs. now is held to 3,600 lbs. This ensures employers and employees that they not only have the highest quality products, but, as a result, the safest workplaces.
ANSI Fall Protection also provides standards for workplace training and appropriate methods for developing a fall protection plan. No other country has such a detailed and comprehensive standard that is specific to fall protection.
|Construction and Demolition Operations: Requirements for Safety Belts, Harnesses, Lanyards & Lifelines for Construction and Demolition||A10.14-1991|
|Ladders – Fixed – Safety Requirements||A14.3-1992|
|Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces||Z117.1-1989|
|Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components||Z359.1-1992|
1.2.1 This standard addresses only personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) incorporating full body harnesses. Whenever the term “system” is used in the standard if refers to a personal fall arrest system.
3.1.2 When subjected to tests contained in 4.2, a personal fall arrest system in which a full body harness is used shall produce a maximum arrest force (MAF) of not more than 1,800 pounds (8.0kN) and shall bring the fall to a complete stop with a deceleration distance of not more than 42 inches (1,067 mm). In suspension, after the fall is arrested, the angle at rest which the vertical centerline of the test torso makes with the vertical shall not exceed 30 degrees.
220.127.116.11 Snap Hooks and carabiners shall be self closing and self locking and shall be capable of being opened only by at least two consecutive deliberate actions.
18.104.22.168 The harness shall provide support for the body across the lower chest, over the shoulders and around the thighs when a tensile load is applied to the fall arrest attachment elements. The harness, when properly fitted and used, shall prevent fall-out. The fall arrest attachment shall be located at the back (dorsal) position.
22.214.171.124 When energy absorbers are dynamically tested in accordance with 126.96.36.199, the maximum arrest force shall not exceed 900 lbs. (4 kN).
188.8.131.52 Static Strength- When tested in accordance with 184.108.40.206, the SRL shall withstand a tensile load of 3,000 pounds (13.3 kN) statically applied directly to the point of SRL line connection to the SRL drum.
220.127.116.11. Dynamic Performance- When tested in accordance with 18.104.22.168, the SRL shall lock and remain locked until released. The arrest distance shall not exceed 54 inches (1,372 mm). Maximum arrest force shall not exceed 1,800 pounds (8kN).
5.1.2 The legibility and attachment of required markings shall endure for the life of the component, subsystem, or system being marked.
5.3.1 Instructions shall be provided to the user, printed in English, and affixed to the equipment at the time of shipment from the manufacturer.