OSHA became law on December 29, 1970, under President Nixon. OSHA enacted laws and standards to protect the safety of men and women in the workplace. In addition to making sure working conditions are acceptable, they also provide training, assistance, outreach and education. This helps to ensure all employers and employees have the tools to be safe while on the job.
Their main goal is to reduce workplace hazards with training and systems, such as the fall arrest system. This is because, prior to OSHA, there was no authority watching over workplace safety. This meant that a lot of people worked in deplorable conditions. Many, many workers were also injured or killed by the lack of rules for safety, or the requirements of safety systems.
With the economy booming, and industrial jobs becoming bigger and better, there was no better time for OSHA to step in and make changes. They oversee all industries in all parts of the United States. No matter where a person works, at least some sort of OSHA signage exists, listing employee rights and employer requirements.
Employers are required to follow the rules that OSHA set forth, or be forced to pay a fine, or worse. Like with the above fall arrest system example, employers in industrial settings must have systems set in place to promote safety. Fall safety, fire safety, and chemical spill safety equipment should be ready and on standby for employees who need it. The employees are not responsible for maintaining the equipment, as it is the employer’s job to make sure it is in functioning order.